Giovani Vico, Italian, consider in 1725 a model of study of the history based on the understanding of the social dynamics; it is conceived history as science. Jules Michelet, based on the ideas of Vico, wrote a History of the Average Age; working as employee of the Archives, it made an intense documentary research, uncommon thing for the workmanships of the time; it breaches with the romantismo in the measure where it searchs to explain the events structurally; it makes an anachronistic analysis when explaining the Average Age as preparation for the Renaissance (17). Its great workmanship is History of the French Revolution; in it standes out the basic contradictions: solidarity of classroom x to have patriotic; individualism x solidarity (23). That one that it knows to be poor knows everything.
(J. Michelet) Characteristic of the method of Michelet (24): It studies the Inter-relations of the diverse forms of activity human being. Search to see the past as present, without definite horizon; effort to eliminate the anacronismo. Emphasis in the group, not in the leaders. The principal actor is the people. Its alternating narrative close-up on one indivuo for the movement of the local group and from there for the analytical vision of all (25). When is somebody, why fondness to be something? (Flaubert) (42) Edmund Wilson illustrates refluxo after revolutionary the ascension of Napoleo III (1851) citing Renan and Taine as examples of the disinterest for the revolution (52).
Anatole France commemorated the defeat of the Commune, even so goes to defend Dreyfuss in 1895 (61). The three write inside on the French Revolution of the romantic spirit; Anatole goes to define itself later as socialist. Of Michelet the Anatole France the author makes an analysis of the iderio of the bourgeois revolution, of its apogee (1830), decline and dissolution (70).