For Fernandes (1995) the importance of Local History in the formation of the identity and citizenship of a people if makes necessary in the half pertaining to school, where in this direction the School can fulfill its paper to form individuals apt to the life in society. According to Fernandes. Local History requires a type of different knowledge of that one produced in the high level of national development and the researcher a much more immediate idea of the past. It finds folding the esquina and descends the street. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out RioCan . It can hear its echoes in the market, to read its graphite in the walls, to follow its footprints in the fields. (FERNANDES, 1995, p. 43) Thus History today faces a vast fan of difficulties as for its meaning and importance for a generation directed toward now, where the information circulate in a frantic speed, being that what we call last many times are not valued nor understood for the young ones as something repleto of links with the gift, defined for Hobsbawm (1995), ' ' in a species of gift continuo' ' with weak bonds with the personal experience and of the last generations. 1.2 One soon History of the city of Is Domingos of the Araguaia Par. To charge of the pupils the knowledge of a local history without before knowing this history would be at least a lack of respect then with aid of old inhabitants of the city and some few written sources that existed plus other research I I constructed one brief history of Are Domingos of the Araguaia that if it initiates with the process of occupation of the territory who would come if to become the city of They are Domingos of the Araguaia, this process was initiated with the arrival of immigrants northeasterns, where deriving agriculturist of the State of the Piau Mr.