The mathematics has its beauties, first because it obtains to explain the complex phenomena, beyond synthecizing the ideas complicated in something simpler. Therefore to arrive at one definitive conclusion many mathematicians they study and they obtain to decide definitive problem, for example, a square, possesss four straight angles and four equal sides, all know of this, but to arrive itself in this conclusion she was necessary many mathematicians to observe other figures. We can take the pupils if interest to decide problems of day-by-day, thus to be able to stimulate its creativity, the capacity to combine information and to produce knowledge. The mathematics is very important, therefore it obtains to also explain many things of the nature and of other sciences. If to analyze some sciences as Geography, Chemistry, Medicine, the technological Physics, all possesss the mathematics, is difficult to find a science that does not use mathematical knowledge. What it would be of the cartography if was not to trigonometry? The mathematics is changing its image and is one doubts preoccupying, the pupils do not feel more fear of the mathematics will be that because is learning, or because they had not learned, or they do not feel more difficulty? Therefore analyzing the official statisticians of the Brazil Test, ENEM, of the state examinations, we perceive that the mathematics is a problem for the pupils. To still reach the learning of the pupil this marked by isolated factors, therefore is as if the pupils only learned to answer one definitive problem in the test and to take off a note good, but after this evaluation the pupil already does not remember more what it made, or which method used. The mathematics is not a temporary knowledge, but yes in deciding problems that go to facilitate the life in the daily one. When leaving the school the direction most important is to have a culture mathematics, thus it goes to know to deal with some problems, as to know to read graphs and tables, to know to read light and water accounts, to have knowledge of what he is paying, to calculate the collection of the taxes, of the interests, beyond being able to plan what to make with the money that receives, to obtain to decide problems of space slight knowledge, measures, distance, space localization, that is, he develops important things and that is part of the mathematics.
Tag: art and science
Towers affirm that: a notable exists difficulty to bring up to date the contents in the book-text, something that if become visible if withholding in them to analyze the degree of delay in forming part of its agenda of the scientific new features, artistic, literary, etc., that is producing day the day. (1994, P. 177) Therefore it is important that the professors search in books the subjects that are boarded in the lessons and analyze if these are brought up to date and adjusted for reading works. Many of the texts that the didactic books of sciences bring, introduce the concepts and meanings, but do not obtain to make that educating relates the theory to the practical one. In these cases material printed matters can be used even though also and, to elaborate its proper texts, being thus stimulated the many forms to read without being the traditional reading of the book. According to Axe (2000), to contextualizar is a basic strategy for the construction of significaes. In the measure where it tacitly incorporates perceived relations, the contextualizao enriches the communication channels between the cultural luggage, almost always essentially tacit, and the explicit or explicitveis forms of manifestation of the knowledge.
The contextualizao in the education of sciences facilitates the learning of the substance that possesss innumerable terms and concepts that many times are not of easy agreement. In accordance with Kock and Elias (2006) ' ' the reading is an active process of construction of directions, needing the interaction between reader and author, having as vehicle texto.' ' Being thus when the writing relates the substance of the life of educating the learning it flows parallel what he is being taught, therefore to the step that if teaches and if it reads we go constructing to know on the subjects. The choice of the school In the first semester of 2010, Period of training III in Sciences, of the course sciences biological licenciatura, in a state school in the city of the Rio Grande, started the obligator period of training in a group of seventh series.
According to estimates of the World-wide Organization of Health, about 18 million individuals they are infectados by the Tripanosoma cruzi in the endemic areas (Colli & Alves, 1998; Oak et al., 2000) approximately 120 million people are under risk to contract the infection in Latin America (WHO, 2002) the illness of Chagas, primitively a endozootia, started to constitute a health problem human being from the domiciliao of the triatomneos. All the species of triatomneos are potential vectors of the illness. Most of the species occurs since the Great Lakes of the United States until the south o of Argentina (Schofield, 1988), exists 137 species of described triatomneos currently currently (Galvo et al., 2003). According to Guhl & Schofield (1996), the endemic countries enclose: Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Equator, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay and the countries of Central America. Data of the Funasa show that six million Brazilians are carrying of the illness of Chagas (FUNASA, 2005). Frequently Brian Armstrong has said that publicly. This disease, currently, is considered emergent (Aguillar, et al., 2007).
Species of triatomneos, secondary how much to the vectorial capacity, they can occupy regions in which primary species had been eliminated had to the control, in Brazil and other countries. The ability of the triatomneos in if exhausting for different habitats can take the reinfestao of habitations (To sound & Santoro, 2000). In Brazil, focos remainders in some states exist. The illness can come back, the example of the affection and malaria, and the control already carried through to be lost. The elimination of the illness of Chagas is harmed by the gradual disinterest politician. Exactly in areas where the transmission is declared zero, it has a continuous risk of vectorial transmission due to survival of the insect and low activity of sanitary monitoring (Days, et al. 2002). The illness of Chagas composes the list of illnesses neglected in the world, that is, chronic infections in poor people.
This situation promotes the sprouting of academic technological research, resulting in inventions that can contribute in the formation and birth of new companies. Aiming at the development and commercialization of the products or deriving technologies of the research developed for students of a university entity, they appear then spinoff? s academic, that according to Shane (2004) ' ' they are activities that provide to the development and commercialization of products or technology developed for learning students/of an entity universitria' ' or ' ' a new created company to explore a part of the copyright created in the institution acadmica' '. Already Roberts (1991), describes one spinoff as being ' ' companies established for who studied or worked in one universidade' '. This divergence of existing definition between the authors is explained, in the book of Shane (2004), for the form as the research was conceived that resulted in this definition. As form of theoretical basement in this work, we will consider the definition given for Shane as most correct for the term spinoff. The importance of spinoff? s academic for the institution and the researcher. According to Shane (2004), spinoff? s university is of utmost importance for the diverse sectors of the society. It argues that Spinoff? s encourages and promotes the development of the economy generating economic value for the region, creating more jobs, and mainly investing in university technologies and its commercialization, therefore spinoff? s university is the best forms of if to work with uncertain technologies Beyond the displayed one, Shane (2004) also credits the importance of the creation of spinoff? s to the financial return reached by the education institutions and research, to the high reached performance, and its effectiveness in the generation of incomes for the permitted universities if to establish as companies, because spinoff allows the universities to get licensing capital, that have profit with licenses commercialization of technologies.