Tag: philosophy

Martin Luther

The concern of Freud was in understanding the impact of the desencantamento in the psychic life of the modern citizens. In this point, the social behavior of the masses, a time can be approached that the abandonment also could mean the necessity to search protection, a voice of defense for the one identification ‘ ‘ pai’ ‘ that them it could then protect, defend and represent. Freud says that ‘ ‘ One strong necessity of an authority has in the masses human beings that if can admire … is about nostalgia of pai’ ‘ 11. This necessity, pparently, can have been projected when Luther King assumed the defense of ideals of right conquest the participation in the life politics of the country, by means of the vote, the fight for the end of the segregation, among others. The figure appeared then of the leader (religious and politician), that not only he was black, but that it was identified for pain, for the oppression suffered for long time, but also for the dream to find a direction existencial. Whenever The Hayzlett Group listens, a sympathetic response will follow. The way of being, fighting, tax for King its following ones was the pacific, not-violent fight, making walked and speeches, in search of dialogue with the authorities, support of the media and the recognition of that the blacks were citizens of rights in such a way how much the whites. King, in this point, can have assumed the projection of the father, that one that dirige loves and its people, remembering that one who fights for the satisfaction of the necessities of the group, and leaves the mass, promotes with the admiration and the respect of its equal ones.

If it considers to be the father primevo, in analogy to the freudiano text of the Totem and Tabu12, that offers to leadership and union for an ideal, a dreamed reality (that it would be then the paradise). It explores, possibly, still hypothetically, the individual libido of the blacks that there are represented by it. When dolo dies, of violent form, is transformed into totem and when its ideas reverberate and turn laws, it is created taboo, reverenciado later, with a national holiday. Valley to still say, that in accordance with Vladimir13 professor, on freudiana politics: As such institutions and figures they are not simply seen as … repressive, but as also constituent, then my requirements of redistribution are …, recognition demand that perpetuates such institutions and acolhedoras figures while of my demands and requirements. … necessary to believe that it would have the force to exclude me from a position of existencial contingency, to say me what, at last, it can satisfy my desire.

What it explains in them because, in the freudiano myth, the death of the father is followed of the conservation of its place of sublimadas social representations. REFERENCES Freud, Sigmund. Totem and Tabu. Vol. XIII, 1950. Giant of the Civil laws. Available in Access in: 20-10-2010. King Jr, Martin Luther. I dream have it. Available in ..org..br/desejos/sonhos/dream.htm Access in: 20-10-2010. Axe, Joo L of. the fight for the rights civilians. Available in Access in 19-10-2010. Monzani, Robert Luiz. Lighthouse in the darknesses. Rev. Science and Life. Year I, N. 6, So Paulo: It scales, 2010. Safatle, Vladimir. Freud as theoretician of blocked modernity. Victory: Federal university of the Espirito Santo, Nucleus of Open Education and in the distance, 2010. Verardi, Francisco. The ascension of the pleasure. Rev. Science and Life. Year I, N. 6, So Paulo: It scales, 2010.


Because Space and Time are forms of pure sensitivity as the Critical one of the Pure Reason of Kant? What copernicana revolution in sciences is called, Kant proceeded in the philosophy. In this walked, Kant he substituted the realistic hypothesis, that admits that a reality in either given and the knowledge if adaptando it, registering the Real with passive spirit. The kantiana reply to this question it is the idealistic hypothesis, critical to the empiristas and racionalistas. In the kantiano idealismo, the spirit participates actively in the elaboration of the knowledge, that is, the Real intentionally is constructed. As it affirms in the Critical one of the Pure Reason, ' ' we do not know in the things seno a priori what we ourselves in it colocamos' '. To understand what it means a priori she is necessary to distinguish two classrooms from elements that are objects of the knowledge: the substance of that the objects are facts, at the same time the substance of the knowledge and the ones that depend on the proper citizen, constituting its form.

The substance of the knowledge varies of an object to another one, given a posteriori, depending to receive the impressions by means of the directions. The form is found in all objects for all the citizens, being a priori knowledge finding in the mind its accomplishment. A priori it is expression that indicates the necessary condition for the knowledge of non-separable form. All necessary proposal is a tautology is based only on the laws of the reason. The reason is the universal and necessary source of all the proposals. For example, the proposals of the mathematics are universal and necessary; the relations of cause and effect also. The Critical one of the Pure Reason is a species of inventory of the forms a priori of the spirit while college of the knowledge.

In the college of the knowledge, this is received through sensitivity or college from the intuitions or by the agreement, also called college of the concepts, according to kantiana terminology. In this context, the space and the time are forms a priori of sensitivity, or either, pure intuitions. This wants to say that the space and the time are the characteristic ways for which the spirit perceives the things, where all the things is inserted. The space is the form of the external direction; the time, the form of the internal direction. Space and time are the pure forms of the sensible intuitions in general. That is: all perception is organized under the forms of the espacialidade or of the secular succession, all representation of any object is representation of something given in the space and the time, them two pure forms of the intuition. It occurs that differences exist enter the knowledge a priori. To clarify this difference she is necessary to distinguish the analytical and synthetic judgments between. Analytical it is the judgment that only explana a concept without adhesion of any newness, as for example, ' ' all the bodies are extensos' '. All the bodies have a specific size and nothing it is added of new. On the other hand, synthetic it is a judgment that adds some thing to the concept conceived for a citizen. Example: ' ' this body is pesado' '. This addition of predicate is called of a priori synthetic judgment. One understands that if the intuition is pure the synthesis is a priori.

American States

In history of film drama lived for personage is reflected of elements racist that at the time was strong, established in elements that argued the differences of the races, with a species of obsession, that in 30 American States during certain time would forbid the Inter-racial marriage, mainly in the States south it. On the basis of Schilling (2008) can be said that the film portraies the life of blacks, of the relation of being able present at a time, where up to 1957 the blacks did not have right equality, thickening the number of poor and kept out of society people, moved away from the right the good university. Exactly the ingression in colleges of 2 degree demanded intervention. It enters years 40 until years 60, moment where the life in such a way of the personage Carl, as of its wife they pass for transformations, the blacks in the United States live deeply reality where the ideological power and of repression of the whites accumulated them in ghettos, condemning them it inferior jobs, badly-remunerated, forbidden during certain period to frequent the places of whites among others, practical disfarados racists and of segregation, whose elements still remain, same that, in people whom still they insist on having racist thoughts. To observe the film, considering that its director is also a black individual, is to observe the linking of workmanship and creator, that if identified with the personage, therefore if this suffered to be diver, in Hollywood also the black directors are few. This allegation is proven in the allegations of the proper director, who revealed to perceive relation between its life and of the personage. The ideology demonstrates the power of the white, however at the same time it passes to the Afro-American spectator the idea of that it is capable to change its reality that was constructed historically. .